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  1. #11
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated from Anas that the Prophet said -Peace be upon him and his House blessings and peace:

    Allah Most High has appointed an angel over the uterus who says,
    "Lord! It is now a sperm-and-ovum drop (nut.fa).
    "Lord! It is now a thing that clings (`alaqa).
    "Lord! It is now a thing like chewed flesh (mud.gha)."
    Then, when he wants to complete its fashioning, he asks, "Male or female? Happy or wretched? What is his share of sustenance? What is his term of life?" All this is inscribed [as it is] in his mother's belly.


    (Since it is established from the hadith of Hudhayfa that gendering occurs "after forty or forty-five nights" in conformity with embryological observation, the above hadith shows that the first forty-day period includes all three stages of nut.fa - mud.gha- `alaqa. Contrary to what Bucaille misunderstood, these stages do not correspond to three 40-day periods.)
    Embryogenesis recognizes the very same stages as in the following description adapted from the University of Maryland online medical encyclopedia
    [NUTFA - Sperm-and-ovum drop] A single sperm penetrates the mother's egg cell (ovum) and the developing child gets half of its genetic information (in the form of DNA) from the mother (this is contained in the egg), and half from the father (from the sperm). The resulting single cell is called a zygote. The zygote spends the next few days traveling down the Fallopian tube and divides to form many attached cells. A ball of cells is produced, each cell including a copy of the genes that will guide the development of the baby. Once there are about 32 cells, the developing baby is called a morula. With additional cell division, the morula becomes an outer shell of cells with an attached inner group of cells. Now the developing baby is in the "blastocyst" stage. The outer group of cells will become the membranes that nourish and protect the inner group of cells which will become the embryo (the next stage for the future baby).

    [`ALAQA - "A thing that clings"] The blastocyst reaches the uterus at roughly the fifth day, and implants into the uterine wall on about day six. At this point in the mother's menstrual cycle, the endometrium (lining of the uterus) has grown and is ready to support a fetus. The blastocyst adheres tightly to the endometrium where it receives nourishment via the mother's bloodstream. During the time between implantation and the eighth week, the cells of what is now called the embryo not only multiply, but begin to take on specific functions. This process is called differentiation and is necessary to produce the varied cell types that make up a human being (such as blood cells, kidney cells, nerve cells, etc.).


    [MUDGHA - "A thing like chewed flesh"] This is the "teeth-mark" or "masticated border" appearance of the human-formed fetus in the apt Qur'anic phrasing for the post-embryonic stage. The end of the eighth week marks the beginning of the "fetal period" and the end of the "embryonic period."

    We might say that the terminology nut.fa-'alaqa-mud.gha roughly corresponds to the following sequence:
    NUTFA [1] zygote/morula
    `ALAQA [2] blastocyst/embryo
    MUDGHA [3] fetus.


    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ax-dkChhIx8

  2. #12
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    It has become common practice in certain countries to have prospective spouses take a test of compatibility in order to curtail the probability of congenital disorder or childlessness that their match might produce. As unromantic or even manipulative as such notions of selective mating and genetic checking might be, they are nevertheless rooted in the fact that marriage is essentially for procreation, and parental heredity plays a definite role in the formation of progeny, at all sorts of levels. The Prophet Muhammad - upon him and his House blessings and peace - gave the following advice on this topic:
    Al-Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad narrated from Ma`qil ibn Yasar t:
    A man came to the Prophet and said, "I have set my eye on a woman of lineage and beauty except that she cannot [or will not] have children. Shall I marry her?" The Prophet said no. The man came back a second time and the Prophet forbade him again. When he came back a third time the Prophet said: "Marry the loving, child-bearing woman (al- wadud al-walud) for I will boast of you before the nations."
    This advice applied to women also. Ibn Majah, Ibn Abi Shayba, al-Hakim, al-Diya' al-Maqdisi, Ibn `Adi and others narrate from the mother of the Believers `A'isha and from Anas that the Prophet said:
    Choose well where your seeds will go.
    `A'isha's narration continues:
    Marry suitable matches (akfa') and give your daughters away to suitable matches.
    One version adds:
    For women give birth to [boys] the likes of their brothers and [girls] the likes of their sisters.
    The latter narration is confirmed by the report - in al-Bukhari, Muslim, the Sunan except Ibn Majah, and Ahmad - from Anas that the Prophet said:
    The son of the sister of a people is one of them.
    In this way comes the reply to the question: How could one tell the child-bearing prospect from her opposite, and anticipate the kind of boy and girl she is likely to bear? By looking at her brothers and sisters, her uncles and aunts, and so forth. There is more on this in the hadiths of dominant and recessive characters in heredity.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZ1tf8RoKbw

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ls7W0rvzLSA

  3. #13
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    The Prophet Muhammad - upon him and his House blessings and peace - revealed that chromosomes bear genes representative not only of each immediate parent and their siblings, but of ninety-nine strains for each parent, reaching back through the maternal and paternal family lines all the way to the first man and woman. The Prophet even used language such as "threading" (salaka) - in the same way biogenetics describes DNA today.
    Ibn Rajab said in his masterpiece Jami` al-`Ulum wal- Hikam that al-Tabarani and Ibn Mandah in al-Tawhid - among others - narrated with a good chain of transmission from Malik ibn al-Huwayrith that the Prophet said:
    Truly, when Allah wants to create a servant, the man has intercourse with the woman and his water flies into every vein/strain (`irq) and nerve (`asab) of hers. When the seventh day comes, Allah gathers it up and brings before it every strain between it and Adam: {Into whatsoever form He will, He casts you} (Q 82:8).

    Hence the Prophet also said - as narrated from the Tabi`i Ibn Burayda by al-Hakeem al-Tirmidhi in Nawadir al-Usul - to the wife of the Ansari after she gave birth to a black child and pleaded her innocence:
    You speak the truth. You have ninety-nine strains and so does he. On the time of conception all those strains shudder and there is none but it asks Allah Most High to determine resemblance through it.
    This is confirmed by the Magnificent Qur'an as mentioned by Ibn Rajab in Jami` al-`Ulum wal-Hikam: Sa`id ibn Mansur in his Sunan, Ibn Abi Hatim in his Tafsir, al-Tabarani, and others narrated that Ibn Mas`ud explained the Qur'anic term {nutfatin amshajin} usually translated "mixed fluid drop" to mean "`uruquha" or the strains contained in the drop, so that the verse reads:
    {We created man from a drop containing strains (nutfatin amshajin) to test him}

    (Q 76:2)
    The seven-day timing of the hadith of Ibn al-Huwayrith, again, is astonishingly accurate. The sperm-and-ovum single cell or zygote spends days traveling down the Fallopian tube, growing and dividing to develop into a morula then a blastocyst. The blastocyst reaches the uterus at roughly the fifth day and implants into the uterine wall on about day six. Only then in the mother's menstrual cycle has the lining of the uterus or endometrium grown and is ready to support a fetus. The blastocyst then adheres tightly to the endometrium where it receives nourishment via the mother's bloodstream.

    Another hadith uses DNA "threading" terminology - a feat in itself regardless of the authenticity of its attribution to the Prophet, upon him peace. Al-Tabari, Ibn Abi Hatim, Ibn Marduyah, al-Tabarani, and others narrate:
    Rabah ibn Qasir relates the Prophet said to him - upon him blessings and peace: "What child did you get?" He replied, "Messenger of Allah, what else? Either a boy or a girl." The Prophet said: "Who does he resemble?" He replied, "Who else? Either his mother or his father!" The Prophet said: "None of you should say that. Truly, when the sperm-and-ovum drop settles in the uterus, Allah brings it every lineage between it and Adam. Have you not recited this verse? {Into whatsoever form He will, He casts you (rakkabak)} (82:8). Meaning, 'threads you' (salakak)."

  4. #14
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    The Magnificent Qur'an refers to the fact that creation does not proceed except from a "mingling" - the combination of both the sperm and the ovum:
    {We created man from a drop of mingled fluid (nutfatin amshajin) to test him; so We make him hearing, knowing}
    (Sura "Time" also titled "Man" 76:2)
    This combination is the new fetus. How is gender finally decided? What are the determining factors that cause the father's X chromosome rather than his Y chromosome - or vice-versa - to finally fuse with the mother's X chromosome, resulting in a girl or a boy?


    "The ovaries are homologous with the testes in the male" (Gray's Anatomy). The male seminal fluid is thick and whitish while the ovary secretes and discharges a thin yellowish substance called corpus luteum or "golden- yellow body." 1,400 years ago the Prophet Muhammad - upon him and his house blessings and peace - mentioned both.
    Further, he revealed that when the father's fluid - gamete, chromosomes and genes - prevails upon the mother's, the child will take after the father; but if the mother's fluid - gamete, chromosomes and genes - prevails, the child will take after the mother.
    Imam Muslim narrated in his Sahih from Anas ibn Malik:
    Umm Sulaym [Anas' mother] said that she once asked the Prophet about a woman that sees, upon waking up, [traces of an emission of fluid] just as a man can. The Prophet replied, "When a woman sees this, let her wash from head to toe." Umm Sulaym said that she felt shy to ask such a thing and added, "Can such a thing truly take place?" The Godsent Prophet said - upon him blessings and peace: "Yes, it can. Where else does [parental] resemblance originate [in the child]? Indeed, the fluid of the man is thick and white while the fluid of the woman is thin and yellow. Whichever of the two surpasses (`ala) or precedes (sabaqa) the other, dictates resemblance."


    Another narration has the "prevailing fluid" determine sex rather than resemblance. Muslim narrates from Thawban:
    While I was standing beside the Prophet , one of the rabbis of the Jews came [...] then said: "I have come to ask you about something no one on earth would know except a Prophet [...]. I have come to ask you about the child." The Prophet said: "The fluid of the man is white and that of the woman yellow. When they unite and the male fluid prevails upon the female fluid, their child is male (adhkaraa) by Divine permission. When the female fluid prevails upon the male fluid, their child is female (aanathaa) by Divine permission." The Jew said: "What you said is true; you are truly a Prophet!" He turned and went away. The Messenger of Allah said: "This man just asked me about things of which I had no knowledge whatever until Allah had that knowledge brought to me!"


    The above hadith can be interpreted to mean that the mother's fluid somehow draws the X-carrying sperm into the egg cell and blocks the Y-carrying one. However, it is an observable fact that in the majority of cases a child mostly resembles the parent of the opposite sex. More than this, the hadith of `A'isha on marital selection stated that "women give birth to [boys] the likes of their brothers and [girls] the likes of their sisters." It is possible, therefore, to surmise two other explanations:
    (i) The "male" and "female" fluids mentioned in the second hadith are not parent-differentiated as in the first but rather both refer to the father's sperm in the sense that the male-chromosome-bearing part of the sperm is thick and white at the microscopic level while the female-chromosome-bearing part of the same sperm is thin and yellow.


    (ii) The narrator(s) of the second narration might have made a mistake in the wordings "their child is male" and "their child is female" which should read, instead, "their child takes after the male line" and "their child takes after the female line" respectively. If so, the second hadith is in substance a repetition of the first. Allah knows best.
    The latter alternative is the strongest in light of al-Bukhari's variant version of Thawban's hadith from Anas ibn Malik, identifying the rabbi as `Abd Allah ibn Salam:
    News of the coming of the Prophet to Madina reached `Abd Allah ibn Salam. He went to see him and ask him questions: "I want to ask you of three things which none but Prophets know. What is the first of the conditions of the last Hour? What is the first meal the people of Paradise eat? Why does a child resemble his father or mother?" The Prophet said: ... The first of the conditions of the last Hour is a fire that will gather them from East to West. The first meal the people of Paradise eat is whales' sweetbreads. As for the child, then if the man's fluid precedes that of the woman, he draws the child to him; if hers, she draws the child to her." He said: "I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that you are the Messenger of Allah."

  5. #15
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    Among the four principles of hereditary phenomena discovered and formulated by the founder of modern genetics, the Austrian monk and botanist Gregor Mendel (1822-1884 CE), is the "law of dominance," which states that in every individual there is a pair of determining factors for each unit character, one from
    each parent; if these factors are different (heterozygous), one character (the "dominant") appears in the organism, the other (the "recessive") being latent. The "dominant character" designates that one of any pair of two-gene hereditary factors which, when both are present in the germ plasm, dominates over the other and appears in the organism. It is opposed to the "recessive character" which designates that one of any pair of hereditary factors which, when both are present in the germ plasm, remains latent and may or may not reappear down the line.

    The Prophet Muhammad - upon him and his House blessings and peace - differentiated between dominant and recessive character 1,400 years ago, when he revealed that a characteristic or "strain" (`irq, lit. "blood- vessel") that lay deeply buried for several generations - "recessive" - may appear again down the line. He also noted the similarity of heredity laws in man with those in animals. Both disclosures are in complete agreement with our present knowledge of the laws of heredity.


    In al-Bukhari, Muslim, the four Sunan, and the Musnad, Abu Hurayra narrated:
    A desert bedouin came to the Messenger of Allah and said: "My wife has given birth to a black child and I have disowned him!" The Messenger of Allah asked him: "Do you own camels?" The man said yes. "What color are they?" "Red." "Any gray ones among them?" "Indeed, there are gray ones among them!" "And how do you think this [color] came to them?" "Messenger of Allah, some strain must have drawn it out! (`irqun naza`ahu)." "Maybe the same happened here, some strain must have drawn him out." He did not allow him to disown him.


    A rare mursal narration from the Tabi`i Ibn Burayda in Asl 148 of al-Hakeem al-Tirmidhi's Nawadir al-Usul specifies ninety-nine potential hereditary strains per parent:
    The wife of a man from the Ansar bore him a black child. He took her by the hand and went to see the Messenger of Allah. She said: "I swear by the One that sent you with the truth! He married me a virgin and I never seated anyone in his place since!" The Prophet said: "You speak the truth. You have
    ninety-nine strains and so does he. On the time of conception all those strains shudder and there is none but it asks Allah Most High to determine resemblance through it."


    Thus, a latent character may find its way to the newborn centuries later without resemblance to either of the immediate parents. Hence the Prophet prayed for strength and excellence in his sensory organs and those of his Companions and very frequently asked that they pass on to and "dominate" in his offspring and theirs, as narrated by al-Tirmidhi and others from Ibn `Umar:
    The Prophet seldom rose from a sitting before he first supplicated in these words for his Companions (RA). "O Allah, grant us to enjoy use of our hearings, our sights, and our strengths as long as You give us life, and make that our inheritor [i.e. pass it on to our posterity] ... "


    Al-Tirmidhi and others also narrate from `A'isha, the wife of the Prophet :
    The Messenger of Allah used to say, "Allah, my Lord! Grant me good health in my body and grant me good health in my sight and make that the inheritor after me. There is no god except Allah, the Gentle, the Generous! Glory to Allah the Lord of the Magnificent Throne! Praise and thanks to Allah Lord of the worlds!"
    The Prophet's use of the word "inheritor" can now be understood in the light of Mendel's discoveries on the dominant genes exerting a controlling influence in heredity and causing the recessive genes not to appear in the offspring.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w7RE_ab9H6g


    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bbo9TT0Tuuk

  6. #16
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    The Prophet Muhammad - upon him and his House blessings and peace - described the state of the healthy newborn as al-fitra - the pristine state - and equated this primordial perfection with the religion of Islam, the natural religion. In the process he alluded to the fact that deformity in the newborn is so rare as to being close to inexistant.

    Al-Bukhari, Muslim, the four Sunan, and the Musnad narrated from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet said:
    There is no child born except in pristine disposition (fitra). Then the two parents turn their child into a Jew, a Christian, a Magian. Likewise, the animal gives birth to a fully formed calf. Do you see in it the least disfigurement?

    Muslim and Ahmad narrate from Ibn Mas`ud t that when someone asked if the apes and swine of that time were descendants of the apish and swinish disfigurement of the Sabbath-breakers (Q 2:65, 5:60, 7:166) the Prophet replied:
    Allah Most High never gave offspring nor posterity to the deformed.

    These two hadiths anticipate, 1,400 years ago, the observations of modern obstetrics and embryology. We do not see many deformed babies in real life since the majority of grossly malformed embryos and fetuses never come to term. Yet, even if deformed fetuses are born and survive, they cannot reproduce.





  7. #17
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    Dr. E. Marshall Johnson is Professor Emeritus of Anatomy and Developmental Biology at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. There, for 22 years he was Professor of Anatomy, the Chairman of the Department of Anatomy, and the Director of the Daniel Baugh Institute.

    He was also the President of the Teratology Society. He has authored more than 200 publications. In 1981, during the Seventh Medical Conference in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, Professor Johnson said in the presentation of his research paper:

    “Summary: The Quran describes not only the development of external form, but emphasizes also the internal stages, the stages inside the embryo, of its creation and development, emphasizing major events recognized by contemporary science.”

    Also he said: “As a scientist, I can only deal with things which I can specifically see. I can understand embryology and developmental biology. I can understand the words that are translated to me from the Quran. As I gave the example before, if I were to transpose myself into that era, knowing what I knew today and describing things, I could not describe the things which were described.

    I see no evidence for the fact to refute the concept that this individual, Muhammad, had to be developing this information from some place. So I see nothing here in conflict with the concept that divine intervention was involved in what he was able to write.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ys5_7rlr70

  8. #18
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    Allaah Almighty Says (what means): "…His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination." [Quran 31: 14]

    we will shed light on some facts discovered by modern medicine and study that confirm the Wisdom of Allaah, The Almighty, and the completeness and perfection of Islam.

    Human milk, the best food for babies, contains the right amount of nutrients, in the right proportions, for the growing baby. A living, biological fluid; it contains many unique components. For example, lactoferrin (a glycoprotein that belongs to the iron transporter or transferrin family) provides optimal absorption of iron and protects the gut from harmful bacteria; lipases assist in digestion of fats; and special growth factors and hormones contribute to optimal growth and development. The mother's own milk changes during a feeding from thirst-quenching to hunger-satisfying, and comes in a variety of flavors as the mother's diet varies. Its composition changes as the baby grows to meet the baby's changing nutritional needs.

    Breastfeeding and the immune system:

    Human milk is the baby's first immunization. It provides antibodies which protect the baby from many common respiratory and intestinal diseases, and also contains living immune cells. First milk, colostrum, is packed with components which increase immunity and protect the newborn's intestines. Breastfeeding as an infant also provides protection from developing immune system cancers such as lymphoma, bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and celiac sprue, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, all of which are related to immune system function. Additionally, breastfed babies generally mount a more effective response to childhood immunizations. In all these cases, benefits begin immediately, and increase with increasing duration of breastfeeding.

    Babies from families with a tendency to allergic diseases particularly benefit from breastfeeding. Breastfeeding provides protection against allergies, asthma, and eczema.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FAsqrTg06BQ


    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_BgnrpW-JEI

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bI7fEu8rUgQ

  9. #19
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    Breastfed babies:

    Get sick less often and get less severe illnesses
    Are hospitalized less often and have a lower rate of mortality
    Have a lower risk of diarrheal disease
    Have a lower incidence of gastrointestinal illness
    Have a lower risk of urinary tract infections
    Have a lower incidence of respiratory disease
    Have a lower incidence of otitis media ear infections
    Have a lower incidence of allergies
    Have a lower rate of pneumonia
    Have lower rates of obesity
    Have a lower incidence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
    Have fewer learning and behavior difficulties

    Breastfeeding:

    Helps bond mother and child
    Confers passive immunity
    Is protective against measles and other communicable diseases
    Provides optimal growth and neurological development
    Prevents malocclusion and leads to better teeth and jaw development
    Protects against hypothermia
    Provides partial protection against necrotising entercolitis
    Provides major protection against bacteremia and meningitis
    Reduces the incidence of childhood lymphoma
    Enhances visual development
    Provides protection against neonatal sepsis
    Is less risky for premature babies and low birth rate babies

    Artificially fed babies:

    Have an increased risk factor for juvenile diabetes
    May have impaired antibody response to vaccines
    Have a higher risk of inflammatory illness
    Have a higher risk of celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, cholera, and neonatal hypocalcemic tetany
    Have higher rates of middle ear infections, pneumonia, and cases of gastroenteritis (stomach flu)

  10. #20
    Senior Member eninn's Avatar
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    Benefits for the mother from breastfeeding:

    Bonds mother and child
    Provides the mother hormonal induced contentment
    Encourages efficient uterine contractions after childbirth
    Allows mothers to lose pregnancy weight and size faster
    Is convenient since the milk is pre-warmed, clean and always available
    Is cost effective and saves money
    Contributes to natural family planning
    Contributes to household food security
    Fosters confidence and promotes self-esteem
    Reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections
    Is protective against cancer (breast, ovarian, cervical)
    Lowers the incidence of chronic hepatitis
    Reduces the incidence of osteoporosis
    Reduces the requirements of insulin for lactating diabetic mothers

    Breastfeeding and the environment:

    Another important issue related to infant feeding and health is the interaction between infant feeding method and the environment. Breastfeeding is a completely natural, efficient use of resources. In contrast, artificial feeding involves overgrazing of land by cattle; use of chemical fertilizers to grow the soy; use of valuable environmental resources for formula production; packaging and transportation of the product; use of water and fuel for mixing the product and heating it, for sterilizing bottles and nipples; waste disposal of the cans, bottles, accessories, cartons, etc.

    Despite this, the media and some environmental groups tend to play up issues of environmental contaminants in mother's milk. In fact, except in situations of toxic spills or occupational exposure to hazardous levels, breastfeeding has caused no ill effects in babies. To the contrary, studies comparing breastfed and bottle-fed babies in the same environment have shown better development and less cancer in the breastfed babies.




    جانيل الفرنسية اسلمت فى الكونغو ..... قصة اكثر من رائعة
    دخول إبنة الرئيس الأمريكي بوش في الإسلام


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