a.special interests should never receive benefits from government.
b.there is no collective interest in a system where each special interest determines which policy benefits it receives.
c.policies which favor a series of minorities are inherently fairer than policies which ignore small groups in favor of a majority.
d.the sum of people’s special interests is a rough approximation of society’s collective interest.

e.Madisonian theory has created a perfect balance of special interest and common good.